Wason´s selection task: Content effect, instruction effect or both?
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|Title:||Wason´s selection task: Content effect, instruction effect or both?
|Author:||Valiña García, María Dolores
Seoane Pesqueira, María Gloria
Ferraces Otero, María José
Martín Rajo, Montserrat
|Affiliation:||Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psicoloxía Social, Básica e Metodolóxica
|Subject:||Psychology | Cognitive Psychology | Psychology of thinking | Psychology of reasoning | Wason´s selection task | Psicología | Psicología Cognitiva | Psicología del pensamiento | Psicología del razonamiento | Razonamiento condicional | Tarea de selección de Wason ||
|Date of Issue:||2014-10-28
|Abstract:||This experiment explores the effect of the scenario’s availability, instruction (true/false vs. violation) and presentation order on performance in different versions of Wason’s selection task. Each subject was given three problems corresponding to the content of the three different rules (abstract content, thematic-permission and thematic-norm). The main analyses are presented in terms of matching and logical index (Pollard and Evans, 1987). The matching and logical index were influenced by the contents of the rules. Also there exist an interaction between instructions and content in the logical index. In the abstract version, as in the thematic-obligation, the logical indices are superior on the individuals that receive violation instructions, whilst that in the thematic-permission the best performance was registered with true/false instructions. The results are not consistent with syntactic theories of human reasoning, and are discussed in terms of pragmatic and semantic theories of human reasoning.|
|Description:||This paper was presented at the THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THINKING.
British Psychological Society. Cognitive Psychology Section. University
College London. August, 1996"