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dc.contributor.authorGómez Salgado, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorMoure Rodríguez, Lucía
dc.contributor.authorLópez Caneda, Eduardo Guillermo
dc.contributor.authorRial Boubeta, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorCadaveira Mahía, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorCaamaño Isorna, Francisco
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-28T11:06:16Z
dc.date.available2020-02-28T11:06:16Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationGómez P, Moure-Rodríguez L, López-Caneda E, Rial A, Cadaveira F and Caamaño-Isorna F (2017) Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in Spanish University Alumni: Nine Years of Follow-Up. Front. Psychol. 8:756
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10347/20843
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this study was to empirically identify different profiles of Spanish university alumni, based on their alcohol use over 9 years, and to further characterize them. A cohort study was carried out between 2005 and 2015 among university students (Compostela Cohort-Spain; n2015 = 415). Alcohol consumption was measured using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). A two-stage cluster analysis, based on their AUDIT total scores was carried out separately for males and females. The further characterization of every profile was based on demographic data, age at onset of alcohol use, positive alcohol-related expectancies, tobacco and cannabis use, as well as their answers to some European Addiction Severity Index items. Five different clusters were identified: Low users (29.2%), Moderated users (37.2%), At-risk users (14.2%), Decreasing users (13.2%) and Large users (6.2%) for females, and Low users (34.4%), At-risk users (25.6%), High-risk users (15.6%), Decreasing users (14.4%) and Large users (10.0%) for males. Being a cannabis user or a smoker was positively associated to those more hazardous clusters in both genders. Regarding females, significant differences in the age of onset and high positive expectancies were found. However, there were few significant differences among the groups in relation to their employment status and social relations. The results reveal the existence of different typologies of alcohol users among university alumni, with differences among males and females. Modifying positive expectancies, limiting access to alcohol at a young age, and reducing uses of other substances uses are key to promote healthier alcohol use profiles and to prevent hazardous uses
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by a grant from the Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (Spain) (2005/PN014) and from Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (Spain) (PI15/00165). Eduardo López-Caneda was supported by the SFRH/BPD/109750/2015 Postdoctoral Fellowship of the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology as well as by the Psychology Research Centre (UID/PSI/01662/2013), co-financed by FEDER through COMPETE2020 under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007653)
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherFrontiers Media
dc.rights© 2017 Gómez, Moure-Rodríguez, López-Caneda, Rial, Cadaveira and Caamaño-Isorna. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectAlcohol
dc.subjectDrinking in college
dc.subjectUniversity students
dc.subjectCluster analysis
dc.subjectCohort study
dc.subjectAlcohol drinking in college
dc.titlePatterns of Alcohol Consumption in Spanish University Alumni: Nine Years of Follow-Up
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00756
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00756
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.identifier.e-issn1664-1078
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psicoloxía Clínica e Psicobioloxía
dc.description.peerreviewedSI


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© 2017 Gómez, Moure-Rodríguez, López-Caneda, Rial, Cadaveira and Caamaño-Isorna. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as  © 2017 Gómez, Moure-Rodríguez, López-Caneda, Rial, Cadaveira and Caamaño-Isorna. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)





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