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dc.contributor.authorCorral Varela, María Montserrat
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Holguín, Socorro
dc.contributor.authorCadaveira Mahía, Fernando
dc.identifier.citationCorral, M., Rodríguez Holguín, S. & Cadaveira, F. (2003). Neuropsychological characteristics of young children from high-density alcoholism families: A three-year follow-up. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64, 195-199
dc.description.abstractObjective: We performed a follow-up study of a group of young children from high-density alcoholism families (HD children), who were first assessed about 3.5 years ago, with the aim of evaluating verbal span and visuospatial abilities (which differed significantly between HD and control [C] children at the first assessment), as well as other neuropsychological measures. Method: In this second assessment, 22 boys and girls were evaluated. They were comparable in family income and parents' level of education. The 12 HD children had an alcoholic father and at least two other alcoholic relatives, whereas the 10 C children had no family history of alcoholism in either the first or second generation. A neuropsychological battery was set up with standardized tasks to measure attention, memory, visuospatial and executive functions. Results: Analysis revealed significant Group x Assessment interactions in the digit span subtest where high-density children increased their performance until it reached that of the control children, and in the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) where high-density children did not show the same improvement as the C children with maturation. A main effect was also observed for group factor in perseverative responses of the WCST. Conclusions: High-density children attain the same level of performance as control children for verbal span, but differences between groups increase over time for executive functioning as measured by the WCST. These results are considered in the context ofthe developmental delay hypothesis. The small sample size, however, means further studies will be necessary to confirm our findings.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was financed, in part, by the Ministerio de Educación y Cultura (Spain) with DGICYT grants (PB95-0856) awarded to Fernando Cadaveira.
dc.publisherAlcohol Research Documentation
dc.publisherRutgers University, Center of Alcohol Studies
dc.rights© 2003 Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc. Center of Alcohol Studies Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Alcohol Research Documentation and Rutgers University, Center of Alcohol Studies terms and conditions for use of self-archived versions
dc.subjectFamilial History
dc.subjectChildren of alcoholics
dc.subjectHistoria Familiar
dc.subjectFillos de alcohólicos
dc.titleNeuropsychological characteristics of young children from high-density alcoholism families: A three-year follow-up
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psicoloxía Clínica e Psicobioloxía

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