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dc.contributor.authorObregón Rodríguez, Nerea
dc.contributor.authorFernández Riveiro, Paula
dc.contributor.authorPiñeiro Lamas, María
dc.contributor.authorSmyth Chamosa, Ernesto
dc.contributor.authorMontes Martínez, Agustín
dc.contributor.authorSuárez Cunqueiro, María Mercedes
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-06T14:05:29Z
dc.date.available2020-04-06T14:05:29Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationObregón-Rodríguez, N., Fernández-Riveiro, P., Piñeiro-Lamas, M. et al. Prevalence and caries-related risk factors in schoolchildren of 12- and 15-year-old: a cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health 19, 120 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-019-0806-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10347/21180
dc.description.abstractBackground: To assess the prevalence and severity of caries in 12- and 15-year-old schoolchildren, and to analyse the related risk factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on a random sample of 1843 schoolchildren aged 12 and 15 from Galicia (northwest of Spain). Self-administered questionnaire and dental clinical examination were performed to obtain information about oral health habits, dental caries and oral hygiene. A logistic regression model including dental-caries-related variables was generated for each age group. Results: The respective findings for 12- and 15-years-old were as follows: decayed, missing, filled teeth index both for permanent and temporary dentition (DMFT/dmft) of 0.89 (95% CI, 0.87–0.91) and 1.38 (95% CI, 1.33–1.43), respectively; caries prevalence 39.6% (95% CI, 36.3–42.9) and 51.7% (95% CI, 48.0–55.4), respectively. In the 12-yearold group, individuals who occasionally, never or hardly ever brushed their teeth had higher values of caries (OR = 1.83, 95% CI 1.07–3.15, and OR = 9.14, 95% CI1.63–51.17, respectively). Also, the presence of plaque on more than 1/3 gingival was statistically associated with an increase of caries (OR = 2.03; 95% CI, 1.11–3.70), and living in a rural environment was a risk factor (OR = 1.3; 95% CI,1.02–1.80). In the 15-year-old group, higher caries risk was found when brushing was performed once a day (OR = 1.61; 95% CI,1.03–2.50), and among individuals who visited private clinics (OR = 1.77; 95% CI, 1.17–2.66), while electric toothbrush was associated with a lower caries risk (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.29–0.86). Conclusions: This study revealed that risk factors of dental caries showed differences in schoolchildren of 12- and 15-year-old. Strongest evidence related to caries in 12-year-old group were found in frequency of toothbrushing and dental plaque. In 15-year old group, electric toothbrush, time since the last visit to the dentist and type of dental care (public/private) had a stronger association with dental caries. Caries prevalence and mean DMFT/dmft increased from 12- to 15-year-old, in spite of improvement in oral hygiene at the age of 15
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was authorised and funded by the Galician Regional Health Administration (Consellería de Sanidade, Dirección Xeral de Innovación e Xestión da Saúde Publica, Xunta de Galicia), as coordinated by the Preventive Medicine and Public Health Department of Santiago de Compostela University
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBMC
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectDental caries
dc.subjectRisk factors
dc.subjectToothbrushing
dc.subjectOral hygiene
dc.subjectSchoolchildren
dc.subjectAdolescents
dc.subjectDental plaque index
dc.titlePrevalence and caries-related risk factors in schoolchildren of 12-and 15-year-old: a cross-sectional study
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.DOI10.1186/s12903-019-0806-5
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-019-0806-5
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.identifier.e-issn1472-6831
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Cirurxía e Especialidades Médico-Cirúrxicas
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psiquiatría, Radioloxía, Saúde Pública, Enfermaría e Medicina
dc.description.peerreviewedSI


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© The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as  © The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated





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