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dc.contributor.authorPlanas, Miquel
dc.contributor.authorPiñeiro Corbeira, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorBouza Fernández, María Carmen
dc.contributor.authorCastejón Silvo, Inés
dc.contributor.authorVera Rodríguez, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorRegueira, Marcos
dc.contributor.authorOchoa, Verónica
dc.contributor.authorBárbara, Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorTerrados, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorChamorro, Alexandro
dc.contributor.authorBarreiro, Rodolfo
dc.contributor.authorHernández Urcera, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorAlejo, Irene
dc.contributor.authorNombela, Miguel Angel
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Manuel Enrique
dc.contributor.authorGómez Pardo, María Belén
dc.contributor.authorPeña, Viviana
dc.contributor.authorDíaz Tapia, Pilar
dc.contributor.authorCremades, Javier
dc.contributor.authorMorales Nin, Beatriz
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-04T13:30:56Z
dc.date.available2021-05-04T13:30:56Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationPlanas, M., Piñeiro-Corbeira, C., Bouza, C. et al. A multidisciplinary approach to identify priority areas for the monitoring of a vulnerable family of fishes in Spanish Marine National Parks. BMC Ecol Evo 21, 4 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-020-01743-z
dc.identifier.issn2730-7182
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10347/26113
dc.description.abstractBackground: Syngnathid fishes (Actinopterygii, Syngnathidae) are flagship species strongly associated with seaweed and seagrass habitats. Seahorses and pipefishes are highly vulnerable to anthropogenic and environmental disturbances, but most species are currently Data Deficient according to the IUCN (2019), requiring more biological and ecological research. This study provides the first insights into syngnathid populations in the two marine Spanish National Parks (PNIA—Atlantic- and PNAC—Mediterranean). Fishes were collected periodically, marked, morphologically identified, analysed for size, weight, sex and sexual maturity, and sampled for stable isotope and genetic identification. Due the scarcity of previous information, habitat characteristics were also assessed in PNIA. Results: Syngnathid diversity and abundance were low, with two species identified in PNIA (Hippocampus guttulatus and Syngnathus acus) and four in PNAC (S. abaster, S. acus, S. typhle and Nerophis maculatus). Syngnathids from both National Parks (NP) differed isotopically, with much lower δ15N in PNAC than in PNIA. The dominant species were S. abaster in PNAC and S. acus in PNIA. Syngnathids preferred less exposed sites in macroalgal assemblages in PNIA and Cymodocea meadows in PNAC. The occurrence of very large specimens, the absence of small-medium sizes and the isotopic comparison with a nearby population suggest that the population of Syngnathus acus (the dominant syngnathid in PNIA) mainly comprised breeders that migrate seasonally. Mitochondrial cytochrome b sequence variants were detected for H. guttulatus, S. acus, and S. abaster, and a novel 16S rDNA haplotype was obtained in N. maculatus. Our data suggest the presence of a cryptic divergent mitochondrial lineage of Syngnathus abaster species in PNAC. Conclusions: This is the first multidisciplinary approach to the study of syngnathids in Spanish marine NPs. Habitat preferences and population characteristics in both NPs differed. Further studies are needed to assess the occurrence of a species complex for S. abaster, discarding potential misidentifications of genus Syngnathus in PNAC, and evaluate migratory events in PNIA. We propose several preferential sites in both NPs for future monitoring of syngnathid populations and some recommendations for their conservation
dc.description.sponsorshipStudy funded by Proyecto Hippoparques (1541S/2015 and 1580S/2015; Organismo Autónomo de Parques Nacionales—OAPN, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, Spain). Project 1580S/2015 was in charge of genetics
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBMC
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativeco mmons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectNational park
dc.subjectSyngnathids
dc.subjectHabitat
dc.subjectStable isotopes
dc.subjectGenetic identifcation
dc.subjectConservation
dc.titleA multidisciplinary approach to identify priority areas for the monitoring of a vulnerable family of fishes in Spanish Marine National Parks
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.DOI10.1186/s12862-020-01743-z
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-020-01743-z
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Zooloxía e Antropoloxía Física
dc.description.peerreviewedSI


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© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativeco mmons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as  © The Author(s) 2021. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativeco mmons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data





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