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dc.contributor.authorBusto Miramontes, Alicia
dc.contributor.authorMoure Rodríguez, Lucía
dc.contributor.authorDíaz Geada, Ainara
dc.contributor.authorCarbia Sinde, Carina
dc.contributor.authorCadaveira Mahía, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorCaamaño Isorna, Francisco
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-06T11:30:33Z
dc.date.available2021-08-06T11:30:33Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationBusto Miramontes A, Moure-Rodriguez L, Diaz-Geada A, Carbia C, Cadaveira F and Caamaño-Isorna F (2020) The Use of Non-Prescribed Prescription Drugs and Substance Use Among College Students: A 9-Year Follow-Up Cohort Study. Front. Psychiatry 11:880
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10347/26705
dc.description.abstractThe use of non-prescribed prescription drugs (NPPD) is common in post-modern societies and a significant proportion of youth consume NPPD concomitantly to other drugs. We studied the prevalence of this consumption among university students in Spain, and its relationship to different patterns of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use. A cohort study among university students (n=1,380) (2005–2015) was carried out. Students completed self-administered questionnaires at initial (n=1,363, 98.7%), at 2 years (n=875, 75%) and 9 years of follow-up (n=415, 30.5%). Consumption of medicines (last 15 days), risky alcohol consumption (RC), heavy episodic drinking (HED), and tobacco and cannabis use were measured. Multilevel logistic regressions for repeated measures were generated using consumption of medicines with or without medical prescription as dependent variables. Prevalence of RC, HED, tobacco and cannabis had significant reductions during the follow-up. The use of NPPD increased over time, from 35.5% and 33.3% at 18 and 22 years old, respectively, to 49.6% at 27 years old. The highest rates were found among cannabis, tobacco, RC and HED users. For females, cannabis and RC constitute signitifant risk factors for use of NPPD. Conversely, for males, tobacco and cannabis were risk factors for such use of medicines. Later onset of alcohol consumption constitutes a protective factor for females. Our results reveal high prevalence of NPDD among university students. Those who consume NPPD are -at the same time- more likely to be alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis users than those who take medication under prescription. Preventive strategies should be reinforced and focused on this target population to decrease these high levels of poly-consumption
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for this study was provided by the Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (Spain) (2005/PN014) and the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (Spain) (PI15/00165). CC has been funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program with the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant No. 754535
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherFrontiers Media
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/754535
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 Busto Miramontes, Moure-Rodriguez, Diaz-Geada, Carbia, Cadaveira and Caamaño-Isorna. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectAlcohol drinking in college
dc.subjectCannabis
dc.subjectUse of non-prescribed prescription drugs
dc.subjectTobacco
dc.subjectYoung adult
dc.titleThe Use of Non-Prescribed Prescription Drugs and Substance Use Among College Students: A 9-Year Follow-Up Cohort Study
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.DOI10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00880
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00880
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psicoloxía Clínica e Psicobioloxía
dc.description.peerreviewedSI


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Copyright © 2020 Busto Miramontes, Moure-Rodriguez, Diaz-Geada, Carbia, Cadaveira and Caamaño-Isorna. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as  Copyright © 2020 Busto Miramontes, Moure-Rodriguez, Diaz-Geada, Carbia, Cadaveira and Caamaño-Isorna. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)





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