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dc.contributor.authorPichel Mira, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorFoody, Mairéad
dc.contributor.authorO’Higgins-Norman, James
dc.contributor.authorSanmartín Feijóo, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorVarela Mallou, Jesús
dc.contributor.authorRial Boubeta, Antonio
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-12T12:27:05Z
dc.date.available2021-08-12T12:27:05Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationSustainability 2021, 13(15), 8527; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13158527
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10347/26790
dc.description.abstractSchool bullying and cyberbullying represent the most common forms of victimization during childhood and adolescence in many countries across the globe. Although they can be studied as distinct phenomena with their own defining characteristics, there is evidence to suggest that they are related and often co-occur. The present research aimed to estimate the rates of school bullying and cyberbullying, studied their evolution by age, and analyzed any possible overlap between the two. An empirical study was carried out with a large sample of children and adolescents in Galicia, Spain (N = 2083), where 10–17 year olds were presented with The European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire and European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire. School bullying was found to be more prevalent than cyberbullying, with 25.1% involved as victims and 14.3% as bully-victims, while the cyberbullying rates were 9.4% for victims and 5.8% for bully-victims. Perpetration rates were similar for school and cyberbullying (4.4% and 4.3% respectively). The overlap between both phenomena adds to the evidence for a whole-community approach to tackling all types of bullying and victimization experiences, as opposed to each in silo. The clear age differences in bullying behaviours also suggest the appropriateness of tailoring anti-bullying programs to target specific age groups
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study is part of a larger research project funded by the Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas under Grant 2018/008. R.P. and S.F. are funded by the Government of Galicia under grant “Programa de axudas á etapa predoutoral”. M.F. is funded by the Irish Research Council and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 713279
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/713279
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectSchool bullying
dc.subjectCyberbullying
dc.subjectChildhood
dc.subjectAdolescence
dc.subjectAge
dc.subjectOverlap
dc.titleBullying, Cyberbullying and the Overlap: What Does Age Have to Do with It?
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.DOI10.3390/su13158527
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3390/su13158527
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.identifier.e-issn2071-1050
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Ciencia Política e Socioloxía
dc.description.peerreviewedSI


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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as  © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)





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