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dc.contributor.authorLópez-García, Ester
dc.contributor.authorPérez López, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorPostigo, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorAndreu, Vicente
dc.contributor.authorBijlsma, Lubertus
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Mariño, Iria
dc.contributor.authorHernández, Félix
dc.contributor.authorMarcé, Rosa María
dc.contributor.authorMontes Goyanes, Rosa María
dc.contributor.authorPicó, Yolanda
dc.contributor.authorPocurull, Eva
dc.contributor.authorRico, Andreu
dc.contributor.authorRodil Rodríguez, María del Rosario
dc.contributor.authorRosende, María
dc.contributor.authorValcárcel, Yolanda
dc.contributor.authorZuloaga Zubieta, Olatz
dc.contributor.authorQuintana Álvarez, José Benito
dc.contributor.authorLópez de Alda, Miren
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-08T07:16:25Z
dc.date.available2021-10-08T07:16:25Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationLópez-García, E., Pérez-López, C., Postigo, C., Andreu, V., Bijlsma, L., González-Mariño, I., . . . López de Alda, M. (2020). Assessing alcohol consumption through wastewater-based epidemiology: Spain as a case study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 215, 108241. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108241
dc.identifier.issn0376-8716
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10347/26979
dc.description.abstractBackground In this study, an alternative and complementary method to those approaches currently used to estimate alcohol consumption by the population is described. This method, known as wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE), allows back-calculating the alcohol consumption rate in a given population from the concentrations of a selected biomarker measured in wastewater. Methods Composite (24-h) wastewater samples were collected at the inlet of 17 wastewater treatment plants located in 13 Spanish cities for seven consecutive days in 2018. The sampled area covered 12.8% of the Spanish population. Wastewater samples were analyzed to determine the concentration of ethyl sulfate, the biomarker used to back-calculate alcohol consumption. Results Alcohol consumption ranged from 4.5 to 46 mL/day/inhabitant. Differences in consumption were statistically significant among the investigated cities and between weekdays and weekends. WBE-derived estimates of alcohol consumption were comparable to those reported by its corresponding region in the Spanish National Health Survey in most cases. At the national level, comparable results were obtained between the WBE-derived annual consumption rate (5.7 ± 1.2 L ethanol per capita (aged 15+)) and that reported by the National Health Survey (4.7 L ethanol per capita (aged 15+)). Conclusions This is the largest WBE study carried out to date in Spain to estimate alcohol consumption rates. It confirms that this approach is useful for establishing spatial and temporal patterns of alcohol consumption, which could contribute to the development of health care management plans and policies. Contrary to established methods, it allows obtaining information in a fast and relatively economical way
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work has been supported by the Spanish State Research Agency (AEI) (This work has been supported by the Spanish State Research Agency , CTM2017-84763-C3-1-R, CTM2017-84763-C3-3-R and CTM2017-84763-C3-2-R), Generalitat de Catalunya (expedient number SA-2018-780 and Consolidated Research Group 2017 SGR 01404-Water and Soil Quality Unit), and Galician Council of Culture, Education and Universities (ED481D 2017/003 and EM2014/004). Several of these projects are cofounded by the European Regional Development Fund
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/CTM2017-84763-C3-1-R/ES/EVALUACION DEL EXPOSOMA DE CONTAMINANTES EMERGENTES EN AMBIENTES ACUATICOS
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/CTM2017-84763-C3-2-R/ES/EVALUACION DEL EXPOSOMA DE CONTAMINANTES EMERGENTES EN AMBIENTES ACUATICOS
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/CTM2017-84763-C3-3-R/ES/EVALUACION DEL EXPOSOMA DE CONTAMINANTES EMERGENTES EN AMBIENTES ACUATICOS
dc.rights© 2020 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
dc.subjectSewage epidemiology
dc.subjectAlcohol abuse
dc.subjectLiquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
dc.subjectConsumption patterns
dc.titleAssessing alcohol consumption through wastewater-based epidemiology: Spain as a case study
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.DOI10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108241
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108241
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Química Analítica, Nutrición e Bromatoloxía
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela. Instituto de Investigación e Análises Alimentarias
dc.description.peerreviewedSI


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© 2020 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as  © 2020 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)





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