Conditional Reasoning: Scenario or Context Effects?
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|Title:||Conditional Reasoning: Scenario or Context Effects?
|Author:||Valiña García, María Dolores
Seoane Pesqueira, Gloria
Ghering Delgado, Sonia
Ferraces Otero, María José
|Affiliation:||Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psicoloxía Social, Básica e Metodoloxía
|Subject:||Pragmatic Factors | Conditional Reasoning, | Deductive Reasoning | Pragmatic Reasoning Schemas Theory | Cognitive Psychology | Psychology of Thinking | Narrative Texts ||
|Date of Issue:||1992-09
|Abstract:||This paper studies the importance of contextual factors in reasoning with conditional inference tasks. In this experiment subjects were given conditional sentences in the context of narrative texts. Short stories about scenarios of the daily life were described in these texts. The experiment manipulated: a) context (causal or promises/threats), b) degree of factual relation between antecedent and consequent of conditional (deterministic, probabilistic or without relation), c) congruence between the factual consequence explicit in the story and the logic conclusion and d) conditional rules. The results were related to previous investigations about syllogistic inference (Valiña & De Vega, 1988) and were discussed within the framework of theoretical modes about pragmatic reasoning.|
|Description:||This Paper was presented at the Fifth Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology - ESCOP, celebrated in Paris, Societé Francaise de Psychologie-Université de Paris-SUD (September, 12-16, 1992).
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