Combining a cognitive concurrent task with a motor or motor-cognitive task : which is better to differentiate levels of affectation in Parkinson’s disease?
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Files in this item
|Title:||Combining a cognitive concurrent task with a motor or motor-cognitive task : which is better to differentiate levels of affectation in Parkinson’s disease?
|Author:||Pereiro Rozas, Arturo José
Facal Mayo, David
Cancela Carral, José María
|Affiliation:||Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Departamento de Psicoloxía Evolutiva e da Educación
|Date of Issue:||2020
|Citation:||Pereiro, A. X., Resúa, B., Facal, D., & Cancela-Carral, J. M. (2020). Combining a Cognitive Concurrent Task with a Motor or Motor-Cognitive Task: Which Is Better to Differentiate Levels of Affectation in Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s Disease, 2020, Article 2189084. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2189084
|Abstract:||Cognitive decline usually coexists with motor impairment in PD. Multitask settings provide appropriate measures to evaluate the complex interaction between motor and cognitive impairments. The main objective was to analyze which concurrent task, i. e., motor or hybrid motor-cognitive, in combination with a cognitive task better differentiates between PD patients with mild and moderate levels of disease. Methods. Thirty-seven individuals (19 male and 18 female) with idiopathic PD performed dual and triple tasks combining a cognitive task (phonemic fluency) with motor (pedaling) and/or cognitive-motor hybrid (tracking) tasks. Mild and moderate disability PD groups were specified considering the Hoehn and Yahr scale. Mixed ANOVA analyses for each of the concurrent task were carried out to test differences between the single and dual or triple condition performances comparing the low and high PD disability groups. Supplementary mixed ANCOVA analysis was performed considering the cognitive status as the covariate. Results. The only significant differences between disability PD groups were found for performances in the cognitive-motor hybrid (tracking) task, both in dual and triple conditions. Our results showed a better performance for the mild rather than for the moderate disability group in the single condition task and a significant decline of the mild disability group in the dual and triple condition when compared to the levels of those shown by the moderate disability group. The group-condition interaction remained significant when the cognitive status was statistically controlled. Conclusion. The hybrid of motor-cognitive task combining with a cognitive task (i. e., fluency) successfully differentiated between mild and moderate PD patients in the context of dual and triple multitask sets even when the cognitive status was statistically controlled. Our results highlight the importance of jointly measuring the complex interplay between motor and cognitive skills in PD|
|Rights:||© 2020 Arturo X. Pereiro et al. This is an open access article distributed by Parkinson’s Disease under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited